Monday, September 28, 2009

Life Histories of Butterflies in Singapore

This post consolidates and groups all links to the life history blog articles posted at the Butterflycircle's blog within separate butterfly families.

Papilionidae

  1. Chilasa clytia clytia (Common Mime)
  2. Graphium agamemnon agamemnon (Tailed Jay)
  3. Graphium antiphates itamputi (Fivebar Swordtail)
  4. Graphium doson evemonides (Common Jay)
  5. Graphium evemon eventus (Blue Jay)
  6. Graphium sarpedon luctatius (Common Blue Bottle)
  7. Pachliopta aristolochiae asteris (Common Rose)
  8. Papilio demoleus malayanus (Lime Butterfly)
  9. Paipilio demolion demolion (Banded Swallowtail)
  10. Papilio iswara iswara (Great Helen)
  11. Papilio memnon agenor (Great Mormon)
  12. Papilio polytes romulus (Common Mormon)
  13. Troides helena cerberus (Common Birdwing)

Pieridae
  1. Appias libythea olferna (Striped Albatross)
  2. Catopsilia pomona pomona (Lemon Emigrant)
  3. Catopsilia pyranthe pyranthe (Mottled Emigrant)
  4. Catopsilia scylla cornelia (Orange Emigrant)
  5. Delias hyparete metarete (Painted Jezebel) 
  6. Eurema andersonii andersonii (Anderson's Grass Yellow)
  7. Eurema blanda snelleni (Three Spot Grass Yellow)
  8. Eurema brigitta senna (No Brand Grass Yellow)
  9. Eurema hecabe contubernalis  (Common Grass Yellow)
  10. Eurema sari sodalis (Chocolate Grass Yellow) 
  11. Gandaca harina distanti (Tree Yellow)
  12. Leptosia nina malayana (Psyche)
Nymphalidae
  1. Acraea violae (Tawny Coster)
  2.  Athyma asura idita (Studded Sergeant)
  3. Athyma kanwa kanwa (Dot-Dash Sergeant)
  4. Athyma nefte subrata (Colour Sergeant)
  5. Athyma pravara helma (Lance Sergeant)
  6. Cethosia cyane (Leopard Lacewing)
  7. Cethosia hypsea hypsina (Malay Lacewing)
  8. Cethosia methypea methypsea (Plain Lacewing)
  9. Chersonesia peraka peraka (Little Maplet)
  10. Cirrochroa tyche rotundata (Common Yeoman)
  11. Cupha erymanthis lotis (Rustic)
  12. Danaus chrysippus chrysippus (Plain Tiger)
  13. Danaus genutia genutia (Common Tiger)
  14. Doleschallia bisaltide ?bisaltide var. (Autumn Leaf)
  15. Elymnias hypermnestra agina (Common Palmfly)
  16. Elymnias panthera panthera (Tawny Palmfly) 
  17. Eulaceura osteria kumana (Purple Duke)
  18. Euploea crameri bremeri (Spotted Black Crow)
  19. Euploea midamus singapura (Blue Spotted Crow)
  20. Euploea mulciber mulciber (Striped Blue Crow)
  21. Euploea phaenareta castelnaui (King Crow)
  22. Euripus ncytelius euploeoides (Courtesan)
  23. Euthalia aconthea gurda (Baron)
  24. Euthalia adonia pinwilli (Green Baron)
  25. Euthalia monina monina (Malay Baron)
  26. Hypolimnas anomala anomala (Malayan Eggfly)
  27. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha (Jacintha Eggfly)
  28. Ideopsis vulgaris macrina (Blue Glassy Tiger)
  29. Junonia almana javana (Peacock Pansy)
  30. Junonia atlites atlites (Grey Pansy)
  31. Junonia hedonia ida (Chocolate Pansy)
  32. Junonia orithya wallacei (Blue Pansy)
  33. Lasippa tiga siaka (Malayan Lascar)
  34. Lebadea martha parkeri (Knight)
  35. Lexias pardalis dirteana (Archduke)
  36. Pandita sinope sinope (Colonel)
  37. Parantica agleoides agleoides (Dark Glassy Tiger)
  38. Parantica aspasia aspasia (Yellow Glassy Tiger)
  39. Pantoporia hordonia hordonia (Common Lascar) 
  40. Pantoporia paraka paraka (Perak Lascar)
  41. Phaedyma columella singa (Short Banded Sailor)
  42. Phalanta phalantha phalantha (Leopard)
  43. Polyura hebe plautus (Plain Nawab)
  44. Polyura schreiber tisamenus (Blue Nawab) 
  45. Melanitis leda leda (Common Evening Brown)
  46. Moduza procris milonia (Commander)
  47. Mycalesis fusca fusca (Malayan Bush Brown)
  48. Mycalesis mineus macromalayana (Dark Brand Bush Brown)
  49. Mycalesis perseoides perseoides
  50. Mycalesis perseus cepheus (Dingy Bush Brown)
  51. Mycalesis visala phamis (Long Brand Bush Brown)
  52. Neptis harita harita (Chocolate Sailor)
  53. Neptis hylas papaja (Common Sailor)
  54. Neptis leucoporos cresina (Grey Sailor)
  55. Tanaecia iapis puseda (Horsfield's Baron)
  56. Tanaecia pelea pelea (Malay Viscount)
  57. Terinos terpander robertsia (Royal Assyrian)
  58. Ypthima baldus newboldi (Common Five Ring)
  59. Ypthima horsfieldi humei (Malayan Five Ring) 
  60. Ypthima huebneri (Common Four Ring)
  61. Ypthima pandocus corticaria (Common Three Ring)
Riodinidae
  1. Abisara geza niya (Spotted Judy)
  2. Abisara saturata kausambioides (Malayan Plum Judy)
  3. Abisara savitri savitri (Malay Tailed Judy)
  4. Taxila haquinus haquinus (Harlequin)
Lycaenidae
  1.  Acytolepis puspa lambi (Common Hedge Blue)
  2. Arhopala abseus abseus (Aberrant Oakblue)
  3. Arhopala amphimuta amphimuta
  4. Arhopala athada athada (Vinous Oakblue)
  5. Arhopala centaurus nakula (Centaur Oakblue)
  6. Arhopala epimuta epiala (Common Disc Oakblue)
  7. Arhopala eumolphus maxwelli (Green Oakblue)
  8. Arhopala major major
  9. Arhopala silhetensis adorea (Sylhet Oakblue)
  10. Caleta elna elvira (Elbowed Pierrot)
  11. Catopyrops ancyra (Ancyra Blue)
  12. Cheritra freja frigga (Common Imperial)
  13. Chilades pandava pandava (Cycad Blue)
  14. Curetis saronis sumatrana (Sumatran Sunbeam)
  15. Curetis santana malayica (Malayan Sunbeam)
  16. Drupadia ravindra moorei (Common Posy)
  17. Drupadia theda thesmia (Dark Posy)
  18. Eooxylides tharis distanti (Branded Imperial)
  19. Euchrysops cnejus cnejus (Gram Blue)
  20. Flos anniella anniella (Darky Plushblue)
  21. Flos apidanus saturatus (Plain Plushblue)
  22. Flos diardi capeta (Bifid Plushblue)
  23. Hypolycaena erylus teatus (Common Tit)
  24. Hypolycaena thecloides thecloides (Dark Tit)
  25. Iraota rochana boswelliana (Scarce Silverstreak)
  26. Jacoona anasuja anasuja (Great Imperial)
  27. Jamides alecto ageladas (Metallic Caerulean)
  28. Jamides bochus nabonassar (Dark Caerulean)
  29. Jamides caeruleus caeruleus (Sky Blue)
  30. Jamides celeno aelianus (Common Caerulean)
  31. Jamides elpis pseudelpis (Glistening Caerulean)
  32. Lampides boeticus (Pea Blue)
  33. Loxura atymnus fuconius (Yamfly)
  34. Manto hypoleuca terana (Green Imperial)
  35. Megisba malaya sikkima (The Malayan)
  36. Nacaduba angusta kerriana (White Four-Line Blue)
  37. Nacadua biocellata (Two-Spotted Line-Blue)
  38. Nacaduba pactolus odon (Large Four-Line Blue)
  39. Nacaduba pavana singapura (Singapore Four-Line Blue) 
  40. Neocheritra amrita amrita (Grand Imperial)
  41. Neopithecops zalmora zalmora (Quaker)
  42. Prosotas lutea sivoka (Banded Lineblue)
  43. Pratapa deva relata (White Royal)
  44. Rapala iarbus iarbus (Common Red Flash) 
  45. Rapala pheretima sequeira (Copper Flash)
  46. Rapala suffusa barthema (Suffused Flash)
  47. Remelana jangala travana (Chocolate Royal)
  48. Semanga superba deliciosa
  49. Sinthusa nasaka amba (Narrow Spark)
  50. Spindasis lohita senama (Long Banded Silverline)
  51. Surenda vivarna amisena (Acacia Blue)
  52. Tajuria cippus maxentius (Peacock Royal)
  53. Tajuria mantra mantra (Felder's Royal)
  54. Virachola kessuma deliochus (Pitcher Blue)
  55. Zeltus amasa maximinianus (Fluffy Tit)
  56. Zizeeria maha serica (Pale Grass Blue)

Hesperiidae
  1. Ancistroides nigrita maura (Chocolate Demon)
  2. Badamia exclamationis (Brown Awl)
  3. Baoris farri farri (Bamboo Paintbrush Swift)
  4. Bibasis sena uniformis (Orange Tailed Awl) 
  5. Borbo cinnara (Formosan Swift)
  6. Burara etelka (Great Orange Awlet)
  7. Burara harisa consobrina (Orange Awlet) 
  8. Caltoris cormasa (Full Stop Swift) 
  9. Caltoris malaya (Malayan Swift)
  10. Caltoris philippina philippina (Philippine Swift)
  11. Cephrenes acalle niasicus (Plain Palm Dart)
  12. Cephrenes trichopepla (Yellow Palm Dart)
  13. Eetion elia (White Spot Palmer)
  14. Erionota acroleuca apicalis (White Tipped Skipper)
  15. Hasora brada brada (Common Awl)
  16. Hasora chromus chromus (Common Banded Awl)
  17. Hasora schoenherr chuza (Yellow Banded Awl)
  18. Hasora vitta vitta (Plain Banded Awl) 
  19. Hyarotis adrastus praba (Tree Flitter) 
  20. Iambrix salsala salsala (Chestnut Bob) 
  21. Iambrix stellifer (Starry Bob) 
  22. Matapa aria (Common Redeye)
  23. Mooreana trichoneura trichoneura (Yellow Flat) 
  24. Notocrypta paralyso varians (Banded Demon)
  25. Odina hieroglyphica ortina (Hieroglyphic Flat)
  26. Odontoptilum angulatum angulatum (Chestnut Angle)
  27. Oriens gola pseudolus (Common Dartlet)
  28. Oriens paragola (Malay Dartlet)
  29. Pelopidas agna agna (Bengal Swift)
  30. Pelopidas conjunctus conjunctus (Conjoined Swift)
  31. Pelopidas mathias mathias (Small Branded Swift)
  32. Plastingia naga (Chequered Lancer) 
  33. Potanthus serina (Large Dart)
  34. Pyroneura latoia latoia (Yellow Vein Lancer)
  35. Pseudocoladenia dan dhyana (Fulvous Pied Flat)
  36. Salanoemia tavoyana (Yellow Streak Darter)
  37. Suastus everyx everyx (White Palm Bob)
  38. Suastus gremius gremius (Palm Bob)
  39. Tagiades calligana (Malayan Snow Flat)
  40. Tagiades gana gana (Large Snow Flat)
  41. Tagiades japetus atticus (Common Snow Flat) 
  42. Tagiades ultra (Ultra Snow Flat)
  43. Tapena thwaitesi bornea (Dark Flat) 
  44. Telicota besta bina (Besta Palm Dart) 
  45. Telicota linna (Linna Palm Dart)
  46. Udaspes folus (Grass Demon)
  47. Unkana ambasa batara (Hoary Palmer)

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